A distinguished pediatric surgeon with extensive operating room experience, Dr. Gustavo Stringel serves as an attending surgeon at Westchester Medical Center and as surgeon in chief at Maria Fareri Children's Hospital in Valhalla, New York. An expert in thoracoscopy in children, Dr. Gustavo Stringel has published and lectured widely on this topic.

Used by physicians for diagnostic and treatment purposes, video-assisted thoracoscopy employs an endoscope through the chest wall so the clinician can visually examine the chest area, collect tissue samples, or perform surgery. A tubular instrument composed of flexible fiber optics or more rigid materials, the endoscope often has one or more channels through which surgical instruments are passed.

For patients of pediatric age, modern thoracoscopy is frequently used when there are indications of interstitial lung disease, pulmonary tumors, or other conditions. With technological advances and improved anesthetic techniques, thoracoscopy has proved to be a safe, minimally invasive technique for the extraction of blebs, the vesicular outpocketing of a nuclear or plasma membrane. In general, the procedure is useful for a thorough brushing of the pleural cavity.

Similar to minimally invasive diagnostic and surgical procedures for adults, thoracoscopy offers a number of advantages for pediatric patients. Nevertheless, in pediatrics, there are many more hurdles to overcome before minimally invasive approaches become the default standard. Manufacturers have been slow to produce size- and age-appropriate surgical instruments. Furthermore, the smaller size of child patients requires greater precision and skill, and therefore requires more extensive training for surgeons.

 
 
Dr. Gustavo Stringel is an experienced surgeon currently serving as the chief of pediatric surgery at the Maria Fareri Children's Hospital in Valhalla, New York. Gustavo Stringel holds memberships to several medical organizations, including the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons (SLS).

The SLS is a nonprofit organization that works to improve the practice of laparoscopic and endoscopic surgery through education and the dissemination of new and established ideas, techniques, and therapies. The largest society of its kind in North America, the SLS has a membership of over 6,000 individuals who are primarily physicians from various specialties, but SLS membership also includes nurses, technicians, midlevel providers, and other health professionals.

In fulfilling its mission, the SLS conducts several activities each year, including conferences, postgraduate courses, and workshops that help advance laparoscopic and endoscopic techniques and procedures, and assist in fostering the productive exchange of ideas. These events and activities also work to improve physicians' skills and ultimately promote better patient care. In addition, the SLS publishes a scholarly, peer-reviewed journal that has further served the organization's mission since 1997 by helping spread the newest ideas in the field of minimally invasive surgery.
 
 
An experienced pediatric surgeon, Dr. Gustavo Stringel is the surgeon-in-chief and director of pediatric surgery and minimally invasive surgery at Maria Fareri Children’s Hospital at Westchester Medical Center. He is also a tenured professor of surgery and pediatrics at New York Medical College. Actively involved in his profession, Dr. Gustavo Stringel belongs to the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons. Elected to its board of trustees in 2004, he became the society’s secretary-treasurer in 2007. Dr. Gustavo Stringel served as president for the 2009-2010 term and continues to serve on the public relations and standards of practice committees.

The Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons is the world’s largest professional association dedicated to minimally invasive surgery While the membership of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons represents a broad range of specialties, the three primary ones are surgical gynecological endoscopy, endourology, and endoscopy. Over the course of 20 years, the society has grown to include more than 6,000 members from a broad range of disciplines. The nonprofit organization began in an effort to provide an open forum for surgeons and other health professionals interested in therapy and minimally invasive surgery.

 
 
A distinguished health care leader and an accomplished physician, Dr. Gustavo Stringel serves as surgeon-in-chief and director of pediatric and minimally-invasive surgery at the Maria Fareri Children’s Hospital in Valhalla, New York. Gustavo Stringel holds a master of business administration and has earned the prestigious Certified Physician Executive designation from the American College of Physician Executives. 

Established in 1975, the American College of Physician Executives (ACPE) is the world’s most prominent association for physicians who fulfill leadership and management roles. The ACPE has more than 10,000 members in 46 countries. The group’s membership includes allopathic and osteopathic physicians, podiatrists, and dentists. The ACPE provides opportunities for its members to develop and enhance their supervisory and administrative skills through continuing education and training, career counseling, and networking. Through its chartered corporation, the Certifying Commission in Medical Management, the ACPE also offers the Certified Physician Executive (CPE) distinction to physician executives who have consistently displayed excellence in their professional life.

To attain the CPE status, a licensed medical doctor or doctor of osteopathy must hold board certification and one year of management experience. In addition, they must possess three years of clinical experience following residency and fellowship as well as a management degree or 150 hours of verified management education. Physicians are also required to complete a rigorous four-day certification program. In a competitive health care marketplace, the Certified Physician Executive credential shows a strong commitment to innovative and knowledgeable leadership.
 
 
One of the most common ways that we measure experience is time spent performing a job or task. The measurement is especially true of individuals in the health care profession, where the first question a patient often asks is how long a doctor or surgeon has been practicing.

However, instead of the long 100-hour work week, many hospitals are mandating shorter work week hours for their residents and surgeons. The trend is not merely limited to the United States: England, Sweden, and other countries are also experimenting with shorter work weeks.

Experts propose several arguments in favor of shortening the work weeks, including a desire to reduce preventable and non-preventable errors. However, the fact remains that less time spent in the hospital means less time for a surgeon or resident to perfect his or her skills.

In an article published in the Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons, Dr. Gustavo Stringel proposed five integrated approaches to make the most of a surgeon’s remaining work hours. They include reorganizing the educational system to account for an individual surgeon’s cognitive abilities and psychomotor skills, integrating effective feedback into a surgeon’s professional career, and making the use of simulators a bigger part of the surgeon’s training experience. Dr. Stringel also proposed taking a new look at how surgical residents are motivated, perhaps even borrowing from the business world, where motivation is a key issue.

Most of all, Dr. Stringel stressed the ongoing importance of being aware of the challenges inherent in a new system in which surgeons and residents are spending less time in the hospital, and in surgery, than their predecessors. The number of hours worked is an excellent way to measure a surgeon’s expertise, but it may not be the only way.
 
 
As Surgeon in Chief as well as Chief of Pediatric Surgery at Maria Fareri Children’s Hospital in Valhalla, New York, Dr. Gustavo Stringel treats a number of common childhood conditions. One illness that causes many parents to seek care for their children is gastroenteritis.

According to Dr. Gustavo Stringel, while gastroenteritis is commonly referred to as stomach flu, it isn’t a form of influenza. Instead, the condition arises as the result of an inflammation and irritation of the gastrointestinal tract. Children with this condition may present with abdominal pain and cramping, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, and fever.

No single cause exists for gastroenteritis. Rather, it can arise from viral, parasitical, or bacterial infection. In the case of bacterial infection, the condition may come from either infectious or food-borne types of bacteria.

One of the primary dangers of gastroenteritis, especially in children, is dehydration, brought about by prolonged nausea and vomiting. Parents should frequently offer small amounts of clear liquids to replenish lost fluids. Parents concerned about dehydration should seek advice from their doctor. Likewise, if the child is vomiting blood or expressing black or bloody stool, seek emergency medical care immediately.
 
 
Dr. Gustavo Stringel, a widely respected laparoscopic surgeon, is the Chief of Pediatric Surgery and Surgeon in Chief at Maria Fareri Children's Hospital in Valhalla, New York, as well as a Professor of Surgery and Pediatrics. In his short paper, “How To Make the Most of the Hours We Have Left,” Dr. Stringel argues that recent limits set throughout the Western world on the number of hours that surgical residents are allowed to work each week has led to a different type of residency education than he and his peers were subjected to in decades past.

He points out that previously, before limits had been set, surgeons in residence often worked for 100 or more hours per week, which had numerous benefits. The sheer amount of experience a surgeon could expect to accrue over a five-year residency was far in excess of author Malcolm Gladwell's “10,000 hour rule,” which posits that 10,000 is the minimum number of hours required to gain working proficiency in any skilled endeavor.

Additionally, being able to stay on shift as long as was deemed necessary allowed surgical residents to provide continuous, knowledgeable care and support to their patients, whereas a resident forced to leave at an arbitrary time might be handing the care of patients off to others without giving them all the information they need to continue providing adequate care. He also notes that most experienced surgeons agree that during residency, a great learning opportunity may present itself at nearly any time. Working extremely long shifts allowed residents in previous years to increase the chances that they would be on hand for any such opportunity.

Dr. Stringel avoids the contentious question of whether or not the new work week limitations are having an adverse effect on new surgical residents, but he firmly maintains that such limitations have changed the face of the residency process. Therefore, to ensure continued effectiveness, surgeons must be open to changes in the way residencies are conducted.
 

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